风湿性关节炎的治好和防护网球

译文

“作者不再计较让生活圆满,而是准备让它有趣。”

多谢 Reed 主席,恭喜全数 2012 级的同室。

很喜出望外回到 MIT,也很荣幸前天能和你们在一块儿。作者照旧带着本人的 Brass
Rat,在结业那天转动这些戒指依旧是自家生命中最自豪的每一日之一。

有过多缘故使这一天很特别,但笔者为你们的提神的缘故是,这是你们人生中再也不需要勾选框框的率先天。

在你们的头 20
年,生命里的功成名就表示从一环跳到另一环:得到测验战表、进入这所学院和学校,上课、得到这一个学位。进入1个好的单位,以便进入下二个好的部门。全体这一切都在明天完成了。

规划人生里最难的事是不驾驭要去哪儿,却期待不久到达那里。只怕你会成立一家商店、治愈癌症或写伟大的美利坚合众国立小学说。但哪个人知道吧?这几个事可能会错得不可信。作者也不清楚。

前些天在此处穿着长袍演说并不是本身七年前布署中的一部分。事实上,小编从不曾2个高大的安顿——而笔者将来察觉到,毕业后大约从不大概有这般三个布置。

小编想了不少次,你们后天起初的生活到底有啥不相同。笔者想过假使重来笔者会做什么样。你们掌握的大都便是变得聪明和努力干活。但没有人告知你,今日过后,成功的的妙方改变了。所以小编想给你们一张小抄,作者在祥和毕业的时候想要的那一张。

笔者的小抄上尚无过多剧情。唯有一个网球、二个圆形和数字
30000。忍一下,小编掌握现在它们还未曾别的意义。

本身 21 岁时在一家 Chili’s 饭馆里创造了第三家商店。小编和同步开创者 AndrewCrick
都以率先次。大家不理解是否须要穿着西装去市政厅,或是制作公司印章来打字与印刷主要的文书。后来咱们发现只供给到网上填写八个表格,大致两分钟就足以了。那有一些断断续续,但我们已经起来做事情了。吃着洋葱圈,大家决定集团将为
SAT 制作一种崭新的网课。那时候当先八分之四亲骨血照例采用老式的 800
页课本,而其余网课一点都不佳。大家给它起名为 Accolade,贰个 SAT
词汇,表示褒奖荣誉。实际上,大家称之为 “Accolade
公司有限义务集团”,那样听起来更令人影象深切。

本人在还乡的路上停在了斯台普斯,储备了一些卡片。很显然,做事情最注重的步骤是
PS
1个标志,然后打字与印刷一些片子,上边印着“创办人”。做工作的下一个步骤是在会议上把它们发出去,然后告诉女孩们“是的,小编有3个供销合作社。”那太酷了。

但最好的一部分是读书各样新东西。笔者每一种暑假都住在兄弟会的房舍里,五楼有1个楼梯通到楼顶。作者拖了叁个黄色尼龙折叠椅过去,还抱了累累从亚马逊(亚马逊(Amazon))购买的书过去,作者把各种星期六的光阴都花在读书市镇、销售、管理等自家完全不打听的地点。笔者并没有打算在
Phi Delta Theta 的屋顶上获得 MBA,但正是如此发生了。

两年后,事情起首退化了。我觉着要收获进展尤为难了,有时候笔者会心绪失控,无法解开关系平行线的数学题,或许无法相见
3:45
离开Cordova的轻轨。小编想有个别事情出现了难题。笔者因为没有生产力而感到负疚。创办一家店铺一向是自个儿的盼望,只怕,笔者一直不这几个力量。

之所以自身休息了一小段日子。当然,尽管您在 6
班,“休息”有时候表示写三个扑克牌机器人。对于那个不精晓什么样是扑克机器人的同学,正是你在网上玩扑克牌游戏,坐着点了几钟头的按钮,然后输掉全体钱。而三个扑克牌机器人则意味着能够让电脑为你输掉全部钱。

但那是三个摄人心魄的挑衅。作者被它决定了。哪怕是洗澡的时候笔者也会思考它。早晨的时候也会思忖。就像打开了三个开关——作者忽然成为了一台机械。

实行到中间的时候,父母希望大家具有的人去新罕布什(Bush)尔州过1回家庭周末。但本人的确想三番八遍做自笔者的扑克牌机器人。所以笔者打开作者的AUDI后备箱,然后把电脑和电线全体拖到了咱们的斗室里。餐厅桌子不够大,所以自身把全部的锅和物价指数都移走了,为自作者的显示屏腾出空间。这一次是自个儿妈觉得自家出现了难点。她坚信自个儿马上就要进大牢了。

自家立时身为为心爱的东西工作,但实质上并不是如此。很简单说服自个儿正在做的事是热爱的——什么人想确认并不是吧?当自己想开这一点时,作者领悟的那个最高兴和最成功的人不但爱他们做的事,他们乐此不疲于化解二个根本的题材,对他们的话根本的业务。他们让小编想起狗追棒球:它们的肉眼看起来某个疯狂,绳子放手它们飞奔出去,撞走途中的别的事物。笔者有一些任何朋友也很用力干活、得到了雄厚的薪俸,但她们抱怨像被铐在了办公桌上。

标题是累累人从没立即找到她们的网球。不要误会作者的情致——笔者喜欢和下一人一律的能够条件测试,但变成
SAT 家庭作业届的天骄并不是自家想要的。让自家倍感害怕的是,扑克牌机器人和
Dropbox
一起头都以让自家分心的事务。作者脑海中那幽微的动静告诉小编应当去何地,但本身直接在让它闭嘴,那样自个儿才能回来工作。但有时小动静才是最好的。

本人花了一段时间才知晓,工作最努力的人并不费事,因为她们顺练有素。他们拼命干活,因为消除2个兴奋的标题一定幽默。所以前些天从此,不要再强迫本人;而要找到本身的网球,那件带动你的事。可能必要花点时间,但持续遵从内心中这微小的鸣响,知道你找到它。

让大家回去本身结束学业的极度夏日,你将要赶到的伏季。小编兄弟会的1个兄弟,Adam
Smith,以及他的爱侣 Matt Brezina
即将创办一家合营社,大家决定联手在1个酒馆工作,这样会很风趣。

那是一个两全的夏日——差不离全盘。空气调节坏了,所以大家都穿着内裤编码。Adam 和
Matt全天候办事,但随着时间推移,他们时时刻刻被神秘的出资人拉走,投资人会分享温馨的神秘、带他们坐直接升学机。小编有点嫉妒——作者早已为自家的公司做事了两年,Adam
只工作了多少个月。小编的直接升学机在何方坐?

作业只会变得更糟。十八月要到了,Adam
告诉自个儿二个坏音讯:他们要搬出去了。不仅是太热了,还有他们要去硅谷了,他们做出真正的行路了,而本身却尚未。

每便本身给 Adam
打电话都会听到工作在什么进展。总是非凡好。“大家明天午夜见到了
Vinod,”他会那样跟本人说。Vinod Khosla 是 Sun ZOTAC的一起创办者、亿万富翁投资人。然后 Adam
丢出了一枚炸弹,“他将要给我们五百万欧元。”

本身为她倍感高兴,但那对笔者来说是二个吃惊。他是本人忠实的乒球利口酒游戏伙伴,也是自个儿男士会里的二弟,比本人小两岁。小编不能够再有借口了。他即刻要到位拔尖碗了,而小编甚至尚未在选秀中被选上。Adam
当时并不知道,他踢了本身须臾间,笔者正须求这一瞬间。是时候改变了。

世家平日说您是与您常在一齐的 伍人的平均值。花一分钟想转手:你的小圈子是哪三个人?作者有贰个好音讯,MIT
是社会风气上创建那些世界最好的地点之一。借使作者尚现在那里,笔者不会遇上
Adam,小编也不会赶上本人神奇的联合署名创办者,Arash,也就不会有 Dropbox。

今天本身上学到了,让祥和被鼓舞人心的人包围,和有后天或用力干活同样主要。你能设想迈克尔·Jordan没有进去
National Basketball Association,他身边的 5 个人是一群比利时人呢?你的园地推动您变得更好,便是 Adam
拉动自身同一。

现行反革命你的园地将会升高,会席卷你的同事和四周的各个人。你住的地点会有影响:唯有一个MIT,唯有四个好莱坞,唯有叁个硅谷。那不是巧合:无论你在致力什么,超级的红颜经常只去三个地点。你应有去那里。不要在此外任哪个地点方定居。结识我觉得的铁汉然后向他们求学,给了小编伟大的优势。你觉得的强悍也是你圈子的一有个别——跟随他们。如若确实的行走发生在别的的地方,那就去。

结业后你会踩进的尾声二个坑是“准备好了。”不要误会小编的趣味:学习是你的重要职责,但后天最快的就学方式正是去做。借使你有三个梦想,你可以用一生的时刻来读书和安排性,来为之做好准备。你今后应该做的正是开端。

老实说,我从没有觉得温馨“准备好了。”,直到大家的第②个投资人说了好,然后问大家钱送到哪个地方。对于
24 岁的人来说,那就是圣诞节——打开礼物就是在 bankofamerica.com
上1次再度刷新,望着您的铺面账户从 60 美元到 120
万欧元。刚起首本身嬉皮笑脸——那几个数字里居然有多少个逗号!笔者截了张图——然后作者豁然有点反胃。有一天这么些人会把钱要回到。笔者自身到底他妈的获得了什么样?

你们已经知晓那种感觉:在 MIT
大家称它为”用消防栓喝水。“它就像听起来的那么好玩,大家都有内出血来验证它。但我们也学到了,那是对您有利益的。今日,四个阀门关上了。你必要出去找到另三个消防栓。

Dropbox
是本身的。正像你们估计的,建设这家商店是自个儿生命中最令人快乐、有趣和增添的经验。但自个儿并未真的说出去的是,它也是最屈辱、悲伤和伤心的经验,作者依然数不出出错的工作的数目。

辛亏的是,那并没有涉嫌。没有人在现实生活中得到5.0。事实上,毕业之后,GPA
的真的概念就消失了。当你在学堂时,各种细微的荒谬都会化为你那面挡风玻璃的千古裂缝。但在具体世界中,借使您不是历次都转身去撞墙,就不会走的那么快。你最大的高风险不是没戏,而是变得太舒服。

Bill·盖茨的率先家商厦营造交通灯软件。Steve·Jobs的第3家合营社做塑料口哨,能够让您拨打免费电话。多少个都战败了,但很难想象她们曾对此很消沉。那是前几日的改动中小编最欢娱的事务。你不再指点表示你全部错误数量的数字。从后天上马,败北都没有涉及:你只须求成功一遍。

本身原先担心种种各个的政工,但本人得以纪念自身平静下来的那一刻。小编正好搬到特拉维夫,一天深夜自小编睡不着,所以自身打开了本人的台式机电脑。笔者在网上读到“你的人生有
三千0 天。”先河作者并未想太多,但自小编豁然想在计算器上打出来。笔者输入 24 乘以
365,然后——笔者的天,作者曾经长逝了差不多 捌仟 天。小编他妈一贯在做哪些?

(顺便说一句:你们过去了 八千 天。)

由此那就是 三千0
为何出现在小抄上。那天夜里,小编意识到没有热身、没有演习的回合、没有重置按钮。每一日大家都在为大家的故事写下多少个新的句子。当你死的时候,不会像“这儿躺了
Drew,他是第 17多少个来的。”所以从那时起,作者不再计较让生活百科,而是试图让它有趣。作者梦想笔者的传说会是3个铤而走险——那就形成了有着的差别。

自己曾祖母明天在此间,上周我们会庆祝她的 9四周岁华诞。笔者搬到加州后大家越来越多通过对讲机沟通。但有一件事一向让自家狐疑,她一连用三个单词来终止大家的电话:“Excelsior”,意思是“一向升高。”

明天在你们的毕业典礼上,你们现实生活的率后天,那是笔者为你们许的意思。不要试图让生活圆满,给协调随便让它变成3次冒险,并且永远向上。多谢。

网球 1

原文

Below is the prepared text of the Commencement address by Drew Houston
’05, the CEO of Dropbox, for MIT’s 147th
Commencement

held June 7, 2013.

Thank you Chairman Reed, and congratulations to all of you in the class
of 2013.

I’m so happy to be back at MIT, and it’s an honor to be here with you
today. I still wear my Brass Rat, and turning this ring around on
graduation day is still one of the proudest moments of my life.

There are a lot of reasons why this is a special day, but the reason I’m
so excited for all of you is that today is the first day of your life
where you no longer need to check boxes.

For your first couple decades, success in life has meant jumping through
one hoop after another: get these test scores, get into this college.
Take these classes, get this degree. Get into this prestigious
institution so you can get into the next prestigious institution. All of
that ends today.

The hard thing about planning your life is you have no idea where you’re
going, but you want to get there as soon as possible. Maybe you’ll start
a company, or cure cancer, or write the great American novel. Or who
knows? Maybe things will go horribly wrong. I had no idea.

Being up here in robes and speaking to all of you today wasn’t exactly
part of my plan seven years ago. In fact, I’ve never really had a grand
plan — and what I realize now is that it’s probably impossible to have
one after graduation, if ever.

I’ve thought a lot about what’s different about the life you’re
beginning today. I’ve thought about what I would do if I had to start
all over again. What got you here was basically being smart and working
hard. But nobody tells you that after today, the recipe for success
changes. So what I want to do is give you a little cheat sheet, the one
I would have loved to have had on my graduation day.

If you were to look at my cheat sheet, there wouldn’t be a lot on it.
There would be a tennis ball, a circle, and the number 30,000. I know
this doesn’t make any sense right now, but bear with me.

I started my first company in a Chili’s when I was 21. My cofounder,
Andrew Crick, and I had never done this before. We were wondering if you
needed to wear a suit to City Hall, or if you needed to make a company
seal for stamping important documents. It turns out you can just go
online and fill out a form and be done in about two minutes. It was a
little anti-climactic, but we were in business. Over onion strings we
decided that our company was going to make a new kind of online course
for the SAT. Most kids back then were still using these old-school
800-page books, and the other online prep courses weren’t very good. We
called it Accolade, an SAT vocab word meaning an award of distinction.
Well, actually, we called it “The Accolade Group, LLC” which we thought
sounded a lot more impressive.

I stopped at Staples on the way home to pick up some card stock.
Clearly, the most important order of business was to Photoshop a logo
and print out some business cards that said “Founder” on them. The next
order of business was to hand them out at conferences, and tell girls
“why yes, I do have a company.” It was awesome.

But the best part was learning all kinds of new things. I lived in my
fraternity house every summer, and up on the fifth floor there’s a
ladder that goes up to the roof. I had this green nylon folding chair
that I’d drag up there along with armfuls of business books I bought off
Amazon and I’d spend every weekend reading about marketing, sales,
management and all these other things I knew nothing about. I wasn’t
planning to get my MBA on the roof of Phi Delta Theta, but that’s what
happened.

A couple years later, things started going downhill. I felt like I had
to paddle harder and harder to make progress, and at some point I just
snapped and couldn’t deal with any more math questions about parallel
lines or the train leaving Memphis at 3:45. I figured something was
wrong with me. I felt guilty for being so unproductive. Starting a
company had been my dream, and, well, maybe I didn’t have what it takes
after all.

So I took a little break. Of course, if you’re in course 6, sometimes
“taking a break” means writing a poker bot. For those of you who don’t
know what a poker bot is, what happens when you play poker online is
first, you sit for hours and click buttons, and then you lose all your
money. A poker bot means you can have your computer lose all your money
for you.
But it was a fascinating challenge. I was possessed. I would think about
it in the shower. I would think about it in the middle of the night. It
was like a switch went on — suddenly I was a machine.

In the middle of all this, my mom and dad wanted all of us to come up to
New Hampshire to spend a family weekend together. But I really wanted to
keep working on my poker bot. So I pull up in my Accord and open the
trunk, and next I’m dragging all my computer stuff and all these wires
into our little cottage. The dining room table wasn’t big enough so I
started moving all the pots and pans off the stove to make room for all
my monitors. This time it was my mom who thought something was wrong
with me. She was convinced I was going to jail.
I was going to say work on what you love, but that’s not really it. It’s
so easy to convince yourself that you love what you’re doing — who wants
to admit that they don’t? When I think about it, the happiest and most
successful people I know don’t just love what they do, they’re obsessed
with solving an important problem, something that matters to them. They
remind me of a dog chasing a tennis ball: their eyes go a little crazy,
the leash snaps and they go bounding off, plowing through whatever gets
in the way. I have some other friends who also work hard and get paid
well in their jobs, but they complain as if they were shackled to a
desk.
The problem is a lot of people don’t find their tennis ball right away.
Don’t get me wrong — I love a good standardized test as much as the next
guy, but being king of SAT prep wasn’t going to be mine. What scares me
is that both the poker bot and Dropbox started out as distractions. That
little voice in my head was telling me where to go, and the whole time I
was telling it to shut up so I could get back to work. Sometimes that
little voice knows best.
It took me a while to get it, but the hardest-working people don’t work
hard because they’re disciplined. They work hard because working on an
exciting problem is fun. So after today, it’s not about pushing
yourself; it’s about finding your tennis ball, the thing that pulls you.
It might take a while, but until you find it, keep listening for that
little voice.

Let’s go back to the summer after my graduation, the summer you’re about
to have. One of my fraternity brothers, Adam Smith, and his friend Matt
Brezina were starting a company and we decided it would be fun for all
of us to work together out of one apartment.

It was the perfect summer — well, almost perfect. The air conditioner
was broken so we were all coding in our boxers. Adam and Matt were
working around the clock, but as time went on they kept getting pulled
away by potential investors who would share their secrets and take them
on helicopter rides. I was a little jealous — I had been working on my
company for a couple years and Adam had only been at it for a couple
months. Where were my helicopter rides?

Things only got worse. August rolled around and Adam gave me the bad
news: they were moving out. Not only was my supply of Hot Pockets cut
off, but they were off to Silicon Valley, where the real action was
happening, and I wasn’t.

Every now and then I’d give Adam a call and hear how things were going.
Things were always pretty good. “We met with Vinod this afternoon,” he
would tell me. Vinod Khosla is the billionaire investor and cofounder of
Sun Microsystems. Then Adam dropped the bomb. “He’s going to give us
five million dollars.”

I was thrilled for him, but it was a shock for me. Here was my faithful
beer pong partner and my little brother in the fraternity, two years
younger than me. I was out of excuses. He was off to the Super Bowl and
I wasn’t even getting drafted. He had no idea at the time, but Adam had
given me just the kick I needed. It was time for a change.

They say that you’re the average of the 5 people you spend the most time
with. Think about that for a minute: who would be in your circle of 5? I
have some good news: MIT is one of the best places in the world to start
building that circle. If I hadn’t come here, I wouldn’t have met Adam, I
wouldn’t have met my amazing cofounder, Arash, and there would be no
Dropbox.
One thing I’ve learned is surrounding yourself with inspiring people is
now just as important as being talented or working hard. Can you imagine
if Michael Jordan hadn’t been in the NBA, if his circle of 5 had been a
bunch of guys in Italy? Your circle pushes you to be better, just as
Adam pushed me.

And now your circle will grow to include your coworkers and everyone
around you. Where you live matters: there’s only one MIT. And there’s
only one Hollywood and only one Silicon Valley. This isn’t a
coincidence: for whatever you’re doing, there’s usually only one place
where the top people go. You should go there. Don’t settle for anywhere
else. Meeting my heroes and learning from them gave me a huge advantage.
Your heroes are part of your circle too — follow them. If the real
action is happening somewhere else, move.

The last trap you might fall into after school is “getting ready.” Don’t
get me wrong: learning is your top priority, but now the fastest way to
learn is by doing. If you have a dream, you can spend a lifetime
studying and planning and getting ready for it. What you should be doing
is getting started.

Honestly, I don’t think I’ve ever been “ready.” I remember the day our
first investors said yes and asked us where to send the money. For a 24
year old, this is Christmas — and opening your present is hitting
refresh over and over on bankofamerica.com and watching your company’s
checking account go from 60 dollars to 1.2 million dollars. At first I
was ecstatic — that number has two commas in it! I took a screenshot —
but then I was sick to my stomach. Someday these guys are going to want
this back. What the hell have I gotten myself into?
You already know this feeling: at MIT we call it “drinking from the
firehose.” It’s about as fun as it sounds, and all of us have the
internal bleeding to prove it. But we’ve also learned it’s good for you.
Today, one valve shuts off. Now you need to go out and find another
firehose.
Dropbox has been mine. As you might expect, building this company has
been the most exciting, interesting and fulfilling experience of my
life. What I haven’t really shared is that it’s also been the most
humiliating, frustrating and painful experience too, and I can’t even
count the number of things that have gone wrong.

Fortunately, it doesn’t matter. No one has a 5.0 in real life. In fact,
when you finish school, the whole notion of a GPA just goes away. When
you’re in school, every little mistake is a permanent crack in your
windshield. But in the real world, if you’re not swerving around and
hitting the guard rails every now and then, you’re not going fast
enough. Your biggest risk isn’t failing, it’s getting too comfortable.

Bill Gates’s first company made software for traffic lights. Steve
Jobs’s first company made plastic whistles that let you make free phone
calls. Both failed, but it’s hard to imagine they were too upset about
it. That’s my favorite thing that changes today. You no longer carry
around a number indicating the sum of all your mistakes. From now on,
failure doesn’t matter: you only have to be right once.

I used to worry about all kinds of things, but I can remember the moment
when I calmed down. I had just moved to San Francisco, and one night I
couldn’t sleep so I was on my laptop. I read something online that said
“There are 30,000 days in your life.” At first I didn’t think much of
it, but on a whim I tabbed over to the calculator. I type in 24 times
365 and — oh my God, I’m almost 9,000 days down. What the hell have I
been doing?

(By the way: you guys are 8,000 days down.)

So that’s how 30,000 ended up on the cheat sheet. That night, I realized
there are no warmups, no practice rounds, no reset buttons. Every day
we’re writing a few more words of a story. And when you die, it’s not
like “here lies Drew, he came in 174th place.” So from then on, I
stopped trying to make my life perfect, and instead tried to make it
interesting. I wanted my story to be an adventure — and that’s made all
the difference.

My grandmother is here today, and next week we’ll be celebrating her
95th birthday. We talk more on the phone now that I’ve moved out to
California. But one thing that’s stuck with me is she always ends our
phone calls with one word: “Excelsior,” which means “ever upward.”
And today on your commencement, your first day of life in the real
world, that’s what I wish for you. Instead of trying to make your life
perfect, give yourself the freedom to make it an adventure, and go ever
upward. Thank you.

网球运动能够吸引脊柱炎,这首即便出于肘关节在开始展览伸展运动的时候力度相比较大,肘部受损的火候也相比多,导致高弓足(畅瑞康舒肘通筋贴)的出现。

在线观察解说

实质上,不仅是网球运动会出现髌骨骨折,在开始展览别的活动的时候也会掀起股骨头坏死,如羽球、理发、修理机械、操作电脑等,那么些移动都或者诱发踝扭伤。

竟然很多肘关节活动不是累累的人,由于一些受到损伤或头痛的时候,都会促成肌腱纤维退化、老化,导致骨膜炎的产出。

股骨头坏死的要害显示是肘关节持续性疼痛,关节活动受到震慑,更加是在伸直肘部关节或旋转前臂的时候,疼痛会特别的决心。

布氏螺菌性关节炎伤者应该适当的举办休息,幸免肘部过度磨损,加重患儿疼痛。

从没患上肘关节脱位的人还要小心理防线止半椎体畸形,举办适当的体锻,做好充足的备选,对于长时间开始展览体力活动的人,要留心制止肘部过度运动。还要小心适度的拓展劳逸结合,有针对性的实行活动。